When it comes to repairing or enhancing front teeth, crowns and veneers both offer significant advantages. But functionally and aesthetically, veneers vs. crowns serve two completely different purposes. Crowns (aka “tooth caps”) cover your entire tooth, while veneers only cover part of them.
Deciding between crowns vs. veneers on front teeth will be different for everyone. The biggest factor will depend on if your tooth is healthy or not, or if it just needs an aesthetic enhancement. One restoration (crowns) repairs broken teeth while also complementing their appearance, while the other (veneers) is strictly cosmetic in nature.
What Is The Difference Between A Veneer And A Crown?
Crowns vs. veneers on front teeth are two entirely different things, but if you’re smiling, you won’t even be able to tell the difference in one or the other. Both of them are crafted to look like natural teeth, both of them complement the appearance of the tooth underneath them, but only one of them is necessary for “health” related purposes; the other one is completely elective.
Although some people call them “tooth caps”, crowns are full-coverage restorations that act like a tiny little helmet that goes over your tooth. The protective shell covers the entire tooth surface all the way up to the gumline, completely sealing it underneath. For front teeth, crowns are used when the tooth is structurally unsound. In other words, it’s cracked, has a large cavity, broke off, or you just had a root canal performed (root canal teeth are extra brittle.) Your tooth needs a crown to keep it functioning properly. Otherwise, it would just deteriorate and the tooth would probably have to be extracted.
As far as veneers go, they only cover the front side of your teeth and slightly over the edges. When you smile, you see this perfect-looking tooth, but your natural tooth is totally visible behind it. Only your dental team will be able to tell if it’s crowns vs. veneers on front teeth. From the outside, they all look the same. And although veneers do cover one side of your tooth, it’s only to make your teeth look better; they don’t provide any structural reinforcement.
What Is A Veneer?
Technically speaking, dental veneers are cosmetic restorations that are placed on teeth on an elective basis. People choose to get dental veneers to make their smiles look better. They basically mask the natural teeth behind them, immediately enhancing the overall look and color of your enamel.
Some people compare veneers to an artificial fingernail, because of how it goes over the real thing but change the way everything looks. A thin layer is buffed away before it’s installed. Others say that veneers are like a thin shell that covers the front of your tooth. Both analogies are accurate and give you an idea of how your natural tooth is simply covered on the front, with the veneer masking what’s behind it.
Veneers tend to come in one of three variations: porcelain, no-prep, or composite (chairside.) Porcelain offers the best durability and aesthetic results, making them the standard for most smile makeovers.
Advantages Of Veneers:
- Addresses your entire smile zone at one time
- Makes your smile look gorgeous
- Can replace the need for whitening or braces (in some cases)
- Tailored to your individual preferences
Disadvantages Of Veneers:
- Can be expensive
- Are usually non-reversible
- You need several of them at a time
- Usually isn’t covered by insurance
- Budget veneers don’t look as good
What Is A Crown?
Crowns or “caps” are the next-level restoration your dentist uses if your tooth is too damaged to repair with a filling. Since they go over and around your tooth, it helps to reinforce any weak or broken structures underneath. Basically, they distribute pressure so that you can use your tooth for normal biting and chewing. Without a crown, it’s usually just a matter of time before a compromised tooth breaks down even more.
Your tooth is typically reduced down to a smaller size before a crown will fit over it. Otherwise, it would “hit too high” or look too bulky overall. Reshaping the tooth on the top and each side will allow a crown to slip over it completely without getting in the way.
There are several different options out there for dental crown designs. Most crowns on front teeth will probably be full porcelain or zirconia (a highly durable ceramic) or even carved from a solid block of ceramic if it’s a same-day design. Whereas porcelain fused to metal or gold crowns are typically restricted to back teeth.
Advantages of Crowns:
- Usually covered under your dental insurance policy
- Can be placed on just one or two teeth, instead of several
- Protects teeth with cracks or cavities
- Enhances the tooth’s appearance while also protecting the weak structure
Disadvantages of Crowns:
- Is more invasive to your tooth than a dental veneer
- Typically only placed on one tooth at a time
- Used on an as-needed basis, rather than upon request
- Could have a visible metal base, depending on the design and materials used
Which One Is Right For You?
Deciding between veneers vs. crowns is actually a fairly straightforward process for most people. You need a crown if you have a single tooth that structurally can’t stand up to everyday wear and tear anymore. The crown protects the tooth when it’s already compromised. You also need a crown if you recently had a root canal or there was a really large cavity that bombed out the inside of your tooth. Veneers can’t help with any of those situations.
On the other hand, you want to go with dental veneers when aesthetics is your main concern. You just want your teeth to look whiter, straighter, and properly shaped from one side of your mouth to the other. In that case, you would want to have however many dental veneers it will take to cover all of the upper teeth in your “smile zone”. Typically, that number is somewhere between 6-10 veneers, depending on how wide your smile is.
Which One Lasts Longer: Veneers Or Crowns?
If you want to compare crowns vs. veneers on front teeth, the average life expectancy of either restoration is about the same. Generally speaking, if you care for your mouth properly, floss around those teeth every day, and you don’t grind your teeth in your sleep (it could cause your crown or veneer to break) then you can easily get 7-10 years out of your restoration before it needs to be updated.
Keep in mind, if you’re getting “same-day” dental veneers, the material used for those restorations isn’t nearly as durable as porcelain. Same-day veneers typically last a few years at most before they need to be changed out. Since most quality veneers and crowns are made from the same durable materials, the best way to help your investment last as long as possible is to floss daily and sleep in a nightguard.
Questions To Consider:
How many do I need?
Crowns are usually placed on single teeth here and there. Whereas veneers need to be placed in sets of several at a time to achieve the look you’re hoping for. The total number of teeth involved will ultimately impact the total veneers vs. crowns debate. Usually, if someone is getting a crown, it’s only here or there on teeth that they already have problems with. But crowns address the entire scope of your smile. If you’re someone who shows more teeth when you’re smiling or laughing, you typically need more veneers than someone else.
Side note: veneers usually are not recommended on lower front teeth, because they’re at an increased risk of chipping.
Which type am I getting?
The materials used to make your crown or veneer will impact the total cost for each restoration. Since many different materials are available on the market, be sure to ask your dentist about the pricing tiers for different crowns and veneers. Even though you probably wouldn’t get one on your front tooth, gold crowns are a good example. Gold prices go up and down with the market, which then impacts the price you pay in the dental office. Similarly, there are different types of ceramic materials that your dentist or lab has to choose from.
Is it covered by my dental insurance?
As a general rule, dental crowns tend to fall under insurance benefits while cosmetic veneers do not. There are occasionally exceptions to the rule, but they’re few and far between. And even if crowns are covered under your dental insurance, you’ll need to consider your deductible, co-pay amounts, and annual maximum that’s allowed under your plan.
Are extra treatments necessary?
Custom color-matching, gum lifts, buildups, and sedation are just a few examples of added costs you might need to consider. These are all unique to each individual, so you and your dentist will need to discuss them during your exam.